Future Of Mozaik

The archaeological finds of the cities of Ur and Uruk testify that the Sumerians, in 3000 BC, embellished their buildings with geometric decorations made by inserting, in the fresh mortar, clay cones from the enamelled base of white, black and red, which also served to protect the brickwork in raw bricks.

They decorated vases and other furnishings with pieces of mother-of-pearl, lapis lazuli and terracotta. It dates back to this period the Banner of Ur, a portable mosaic in the form of a lectern decorated in a technique similar to marble inlay with lapis lazuli, shells and red limestone, the stories depicted are narrated by overlapping bands.

In Egypt we find mosaics of clay cones dating back to the 3rd millennium BC. The compositions of hard stones, precious stones and glass that adorned the sarcophagi of the pharaohs can also be considered mosaic decorations.

Creative Way To Put Pieces Together

In the 2nd millennium BC, in the Minoan-Mycenaean area, a cobblestone pavement was used, as an alternative to the use of carpets, which gave greater resistance to trampling and made the floor itself impermeable. An example is the floor mosaic of Gordion, the ancient capital of Phrygia, now Turkey, dating back to the 8th century BC, decorated with geometric patterns.


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